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Open Access Highly Accessed Review

The nature of fibrous dysplasia

Liviu Feller1*, Neil H Wood1, Razia AG Khammissa1, Johan Lemmer1 and Erich J Raubenheimer2

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Periodontology and Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Limpopo (Medunsa Campus), Pretoria, South Africa

2 Department of Oral Pathology, School of Dentistry, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Limpopo (Medunsa Campus), Pretoria, South Africa

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Head & Face Medicine 2009, 5:22  doi:10.1186/1746-160X-5-22

Published: 9 November 2009

Abstract

Fibrous dysplasia has been regarded as a developmental skeletal disorder characterized by replacement of normal bone with benign cellular fibrous connective tissue. It has now become evident that fibrous dysplasia is a genetic disease caused by somatic activating mutation of the GsĪ± subunit of G protein-coupled receptor resulting in upregulation of cAMP. This leads to defects in differentiation of osteoblasts with subsequent production of abnormal bone in an abundant fibrous stroma. In addition there is an increased production of IL-6 by mutated stromal fibrous dysplastic cells that induce osteoclastic bone resorption.