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Open Access Methodology

A concept to transfer a therapeutic splint position into permanent occlusion with a customized lingual appliance

Tina Sachse1, Rainer Schwestka-Polly1, Stefanie Flieger2* and Dirk Wiechmann1

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Orthodontics, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany

2 Department of Orthodontics, University of Münster, Münster, Germany

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Head & Face Medicine 2012, 8:16  doi:10.1186/1746-160X-8-16

Published: 21 May 2012

Abstract

Introduction

The role of occlusion concerning temporomandibular disorder is still unclear but seems to be the only component of the stomathognathic system dentists are able to change morphologically. The aim of the paper is to describe the orthodontist’s approach for transferring and maintaining a therapeutic splint position into permanent occlusion using a fully customized lingual appliance.

Methods

Fixed acrylic bite planes on lower molars were used to maintain a symptom-free condyle position prior to orthodontic treatment. Silicone impressions of the arches including the fixed bite planes were used for the Incognito laboratory procedure. Two digital setups were made. One setup represents the target occlusion. A second setup including the bite planes was used to fabricate an additional set of lower molar brackets. In the leveling stage all teeth except the lower molars were settled to maintain the therapeutic condyle position. Finally, the fixed bite planes were stepwise removed and molar brackets were replaced to establish the permanent occlusion planned with the first setup.

Results and discussion

The advantage of an individual lingual appliance consists in the high level of congruence between the fabricated setups and the final clinical result. Both the individual scope for design and the precision of the appliance were vitally important in the treatment of a patient with a functional disorder of the masticatory system.