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Open Access Research

Long-term treatment with alendronate increases the surgical difficulty during simple exodontias – an in vivo observation in Holtzman rats

Nicolau Conte-Neto1, Alliny de Souza Bastos1, Luis Carlos Spolidorio2, Rosemary Adriana Chierici Marcantonio1 and Elcio Marcantonio Jr1*

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Diagnosis and Surgery, Division of Periodontology, UNESP- Univ. Estadual Paulista, School of Dentistry, Rua Humaitá, 1680, Araraquara, SP, 14801-903, Brazil

2 School of Dentistry, Department of Physiology and Pathology, Division of Pathology, UNESP - Univ. Estadual Paulista, Rua Humaitá, 1680, Araraquara, SP, 14801-903, Brazil

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Head & Face Medicine 2012, 8:20  doi:10.1186/1746-160X-8-20

Published: 26 July 2012

Abstract

Background

Atraumatic teeth extractions protocols are highly encouraged in patients taking bisphosphonates (Bps) to reduce surgical trauma and, consequently, the risk of jaws osteonecrosis development. In this way, this paper aims to report the findings of increased surgical difficulty during simple exodontias in animals treated with bisphosphonates.

Methods

Sixty male Holtzman rats were randomly distributed into three groups of 20 animals and received daily subcutaneous administration of 1 mg/kg (AL1) or 3 mg/kg (AL3) of alendronate or saline solution (CTL). After 60 days of drug therapy all animals were submitted to first lower molars extractions under general anesthesia. Operatory surgical time and the frequency of teeth fractures were measured as principal outcomes and indicators of surgical difficulty degree.

Results

Animals treated with alendronate (AL1 and AL3) were associated to higher operatory times and increased frequency of teeth fractures compared to match controls.

Conclusions

The bisphosphonate therapy may be associated with an increased surgical difficulty and trauma following simple exodontias protocols, which is considered a critical issue when it comes to osteonecrosis development.

Keywords:
Bisphosphonates; Tooth extraction; Osteonecrosis